Energy Crisis is a real issue in Pakistan. Pakistan is facing energy crisis issue for the last 2 decades. That’s why the Energy crisis is a hot topic that may be asked in the LAT Examination. This Essay of Energy Crisis in Pakistan for LAT Examination is a very simple and unique. You can use this Essay for your next LAT Examination.
Essay on Energy Crisis in Pakistan for LAT Examination
The global economic recovery from a downturn raised an important question in many parts of the word regarding energy security including diversification, generation, and efficient allocation. The future of economic development hinges upon energy security and reframing of public policy for effective policy interventions will set the standard for shaping out the future of energy demand.
The global demand for different fuel sources is changing the overall energy mix to support cost-effective support to economic growth. Notwithstanding falling share, oil is likely to remind the dominant fuel source and primary energy mix 2035 it will remain sensitive to public policy action to curb rising demand and emissions standard.
The natural gas will play an instrumental role in meeting the world energy needs for at least next two and half decades the demand for energy put pressure on people around the world to explore new vistas for energy and think beyond the available sources of energy exploring new renewable energy sources has become more important to leave the world towards a more secure reliable and sustainable energy path.
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Energy is the key determinant of economic development and prosperity of society it also provides an impetus for keeping sustainability in economic growth Pakistan which falls in the middle-income group has been facing an unprecedented Energy Crisis for past few years as the demand and supply gap widens its current energy demand for exceeds its indigenous supplies for string dependency on the imported oil that puts a substantial burden on the economy recent unrest in the Middle East and North Africa and political turmoil put up an upward pressure on the international oil prices with implication for Pakistan bird going oil import bill and boosting the cost of Je in power generation sector leading to a severe domestic shortage of electricity and gas.
The energy availability has remained a mean impediment to economic growth the growth prospectus of the economy in 2017 18 words constrained by the availability of energy in order to ensure energy supply government is pursuing policies of increasing domestic energy supplies by attracting foreign investment diversified imports to include natural gas coal and electricity it encourages attainment of optimal energy mix through fuel substitution by promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy and interregional Corporation.
The country is facing the electric power crisis today this crisis appear insurmountable in the near even long-term future unless proper understanding and correct implementation are undertaken on priority basis at present total power production capacity in the country is about 19500 megawatt out of which Hydel power is an only 6500-megawatt balance of 13000 Mega what is thermal either using natural gas for furnace oil small capacity of 450 megawatts is nuclear and only 150 megawatt is through coal.
all the gas is to be provided for 5800 megawatts to various thermal plants but in actual fact, gas is being made available the deficiency is being filled through furnace oil it can be inferred that in the recent past only furnace oil was used as fuel for about 9000-megawatt generation
To any planner, it should be obvious that the country cannot afford electricity produced through oil indigenous shows like coal gas atomic will have to be developed and developed quickly the final solution have lies in depending on the hydroelectric renewable energy but unfortunately the narrow-minded bickering on the construction of dams has persuaded the planners to find an easy solution which we cannot afford anymore since the shortage are high price of electricity has a severe mental effect on all sectors of the economy the situation calls for the concerted short-term medium term and long term actions to overcome the problem of energy shortage.
In the short term, the shortage has to be somehow made the 4 most immediate action which can give some relief is the conservation of energy the government has already announced certain measures like shutting down the power on billboards hoardings and neon sign recently in Lahore super size television have been installed on important traffic points.
Mid and long-term: The oil prices are not going to come down drastically, therefore, all efforts are needed to stay away from oil for thermal plants only coal and natural gas should be used vast deposits of coal exist at theory but it is inconceivable why the mining of the School has not yet started there are a number of the new gas field discovered but their development has been put on the back burner again for some unknown reasons.
For hydroelectric projects the large ones can only be built on the Indus river where not only hydroelectricity can be produced but highly needed water storage can also be a byproduct some legitimate objections on the environment and social impacts of large dams are there but solutions for such objections can be satisfactorily found the will of government leader is needed with the present coalition partners in the center matters can be resolved.
The current Power Crisis is grocery due to very high oil prices and the country has to prepare itself at least for the next several years to somehow ok with it since no immediate cheaper alternative solutions are available.
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