CSS International Relations (IR) MCQs Paper 2024 (Solved)

Here, you will find the CSS International Relations (IR) MCQs Paper 2024. You can get the solved MCQs paper of CSS International Relations (IR) 2024. I have given a full solution to all the 20 MCQs given in the paper and you can find them below:

International Relations (IR) MCQs Paper for CSS 2024

Select the best option and fill in the appropriate box.

1. Treaty of Westphalia was signed in:

A. 1748
B. 1648
C. 1548
D. None of these

2. Book “No Exit from Pakistan” was written by:

A. Crispin Bates
B. Michael Kugelman
C. Daniel Markey
D. None of these

3. World’s biggest iceberg is:

A. A23a
B. B23b
C. C23c
D. None of these

Note: The world’s biggest iceberg is currently A. A23a. It was named and documented in 2016 and is estimated to weigh almost 1 trillion tons. It’s important to note that icebergs are constantly breaking off and evolving, so the title of “world’s biggest” could potentially change over time.

4. Congress of Vienna took place in:

A. 1815
B. 1816
C. 1817
D. None of these

5. 14 Points were given by:

A. Markus Daechsel
B. Woodrow Wilson
C. Harry Truman
D. None of these

Note: The 14 Points were given by B. Woodrow Wilson. He was the 28th President of the United States and presented the Fourteen Points to the US Congress on January 8, 1918, as a framework for ending World War I and preventing future conflicts.

6. Cuban Missile Crisis took place during:

A. 1960
B. 1961
C. 1962
D. None of these

Note: The Cuban Missile Crisis took place in 1962. It was a tense 13-day standoff between the United States and the Soviet Union over the placement of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba.

7. HAMAS was founded in:

A. 1985
B. 1986
C. 1987
D. None of these

8. Suez Canal was officially opened in:

A. November 1869
B. November 1970
C. November 1971
D. None of these

Note: The Suez Canal officially opened on November 17, 1869. While option B, C, and D are not accurate dates for the opening, it’s important to remember the specific date for historical accuracy.

9. Name of the Israeli parliament is:

A. Knesset
B. Parliman
C. People’s Assembly
D. None of these

10. The Peloponnesian Wars were fought between:

A. Athens & Sparta
B. Athens & Persian Empire
C. Athens & Roman Empire
D. None of these

Note: The Peloponnesian Wars were fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece – Athens and Sparta – and their respective allies, lasting from 431 BC to 404 BC. While Athens did have conflicts with the Persian and Roman Empires at different points in history, those were separate events.

11. Morgenthau says “Balance of Power occurs by”:

A. Naturally
B. Prudent Statesmen
C. Hostile Country
D. None of these

Note: According to Hans Morgenthau, a prominent scholar in international relations, the balance of power is not a naturally occurring phenomenon but rather maintained through the actions of prudent statesmen.

Morgenthau believed that states, driven by a fundamental quest for survival and power, would naturally compete with each other. However, he argued that rational leaders, recognizing the dangers of unchecked dominance by any single state, would strive to maintain a balance by:

Internal balancing: Strengthening their own power through economic, military, and diplomatic means. External balancing: Forming alliances with weaker states to counter the rise of a dominant power. Therefore, Morgenthau attributed the balance of power not to automatic processes or external forces, but to the conscious efforts of leaders acting in the perceived best interests of their states.

12. Defensive & Offensive Realism theories are given by:

A. Morgenthau
B. Norman Angell
C. John Mearsheimer
D. None of these

13. Theory of Postmodernism was given by:

A. Alexander Wendt
B. E.H. Carr
C. Michel Foucault
D. None of these

Note: While Michel Foucault is a prominent figure associated with postmodernism, he is not credited with the specific theory of postmodernism itself. The term “postmodern” was first used in a philosophical context by “Jean-François Lyotard”.

It’s important to distinguish between individual contributions and the broader intellectual movement. While Foucault significantly influenced the development of postmodern thought, Lyotard is generally credited with coining the term and giving initial shape to the theory in his work “The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge” (1979).

14. The “Art of War” book was written by:

A. Sun Tzu
B. Quang Chong
C. Cho-Yeong
D. None of these

Note: Sun Tzu is widely recognized as the author of the ancient Chinese military treatise, “The Art of War.” This text, dating back to the 5th century BC, remains influential in various fields, including military strategy, business, and personal development.

15. NSG stands for:

A. Nuclear Support Group
B. Nuclear Strategic Grounds
C. Nuclear Supplier Group
D. None of these

16. British government sold Kashmir to Maharaja Gulab Singh in:

A. 1845
B. 1846
C. 1847
D. None of these

Note: The British government did not sell Kashmir to Maharaja Gulab Singh in the traditional sense. However, they ceded the territory to him as part of the Treaty of Amritsar following the First Anglo-Sikh War. This event took place in 1846.

17. Foreign Minister of Iran is:

A. Hossein Amir-Abdollahian
B. Reza Amiri-Moghaddam
C. Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
D. None of these

18. CWC stands for:

A. Chemical Weapons Convention
B. Charter of Women Convention
C. Children Welfare Convention
D. None of these

19. IDF stand for:

A. International Defense Forces
B. Israel Defense Forces
C. Iran Defense Forces
D. None of these

Note: IDF stands for Israel Defense Forces, which is the unified military of the State of Israel. It is comprised of the Israeli Army, Israeli Air Force, and Israeli Navy. It is important to note that:

  • Option A, International Defense Forces, is not a real organization.
  • Option C, Iran Defense Forces, refers to the military of Iran, which is not the same as the IDF.
  • Option D, None of these, is incorrect as IDF is a widely used acronym.

20. World’s top scorer of football 2023 is:

A. Kylian Mbappe
B. Cristiano Ronaldo
C. Lionel Messi
D. None of these

Note: While there are several talented football players who scored significant goals in 2023, Cristiano Ronaldo emerged as the top scorer for both club and country that year. He scored a total of 54 goals throughout the year, surpassing other notable players like Kylian Mbappé and Harry Kane.

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