Here you will find LL.B Part-II English-II Past Paper Annual 2020. This English-II paper is the first paper in the LL.B (5 years) Part-II examination. Find below the past paper of the English-II Annual 2020.
Q1. Attempt any three of the following questions: (100-150 words).
a) What is the writer’s attitude towards the contestants in the short story ‘The Contest’ and what can you conclude about the lifestyle of the people living in the town?
b) The story ’’Billennium’- is a reflection of a dystopian world that is smudged both by overpopulation and chaos. Elaborate.
c) Elaborate on the thematic concerns addressed in the short story ‘The Stoat’ by John McGahem.
d) Trace the undertones of freedom and acceptance as part of the narrator’s thought process in the short story ‘Elephant’.
e) Mass suicides, drug use, and indifference are some of the symbols used in the story ‘Report on the Threatened City. Justify.
Q2. Read the following passage and answer the questions given in the end in your own
The craft of perfumery has an ancient and global heritage. The art flourished in Ancient Rome, where the emperors were said to bathe in scent. After the fall of Rome, much of the knowledge was lost but survived in Islamic civilizations in the Middle Ages. Arab and Persian pharmacists developed oils from the aromatic plants of the Indian peninsula. They developed the processes of distillation and suspension in alcohol, which allowed for smaller amounts of raw materials to be used than in the ancient process, by which flower petals were soaked in warm oil. This knowledge was carried back to European monasteries during the Crusades.
At first, the use of fragrances was primarily associated with healing. Aromatic alcoholic waters were ingested as well as used externally. Fragrances were used to purify the air, both for spiritual and health purposes. During the Black Death, the bubonic plague was thought to have resulted from a bad odor which could be averted by inhaling pleasant fragrances such as cinnamon. The Black Death led to an aversion to using water for washing, and so perfume was commonly used as a cleaning agent.
Later on, the craft of perfume re-entered Europe and was centered in Venice, chiefly because it was an important trade route and a center for glass-making. Having such materials at hand was essential for the distillation process. In the late seventeenth century, trade soared in France, when Louis XIV brought in policies of protectionism and patronage which stimulated the purchase of luxury goods. Here, perfumery was the preserve of glove-makers. The link arose since the tanning of leather required putrid substances.
Consequently, the gloves were scented before they were worn. A glove perfume makers’ guild had existed here since Entering it required seven years of formal training under a master perfumer.
The trade-in perfume flourished during the reign of Louis XV, as the master glove-and-perfume makers, particularly those trading in Paris, received patronage from the royal court, where it is said that a different perfume was used each week. The perfumers diversified into other cosmetics including soaps, white face paints, and hair dyes. They were not the sole sellers of beauty products. Mercer spicers, vinegar-makers, and wig-makers were all cashing in on the popularity of perfumed products.
Even simple shopkeepers were coming up with their own concoctions to sell.
During the eighteenth century, a more modem, capitalist perfume industry began to emerge, particularly in Britain where there was a flourishing consumer society. In France, the revolution initially disrupted the perfume trade due to its association with aristocracy, however, it regained momentum later as a wider range of markets were sought both in the domestic and overseas markets. The guild system was abolished in 1791, allowing new high-end perfumery shops to open in Paris.
a) What was the contribution of Islamic countries to the art of perfume making?
b) What were the common uses of fragrances during the Middle Ages?
c) How did perfumery find its way to glove-making and in doing so made a difference?
d) Why did the perfume business flourish during the reign of Louis XV?
e) The French Revolution affected perfume sales. Why?
Q3. Write an essay on only ONE of the following topics not more than 300 words:
- Expanding Information Technology: a curse or a blessing?
- The Role of Students in Nation Building.