There are many negative effects of climate on Pakistan. Here, we will discuss the catastrophic effects of climate change on Pakistan. So first analyze the present climate situation in Pakistan.
Climate Change & its Disastrous Effects on Pakistan
At present most of the cities and villages of the country are in the grip of a heatwave. In some areas of Sindh, the temperature has reached 50 degrees, while Sibi, Jacobabad, Dadu, Larkana, Sukkur, and Karachi. The possibility is also being shown, all the cities and villages of Punjab are also in the grip of heat.
Our tragedy is that most people in Pakistan do not believe in climate change. The link between individual events and climate change needs to be made part of the collective consciousness, along with concerns about environmental catastrophe.
In fact, due to global warming, sea-level rise causes low pressure, which stops sea breezes from coming towards the city, and due to low pressure, wind from Balochistan and Sindh plains starts moving towards the sea touching Karachi. Makes the heatwave more serious.
During this time load shedding is common due to an increase in power consumption and after which water does not come into high-rise buildings, therefore heatwaves in Karachi become more serious. The water of the Ravi River, which flows through Lahore, is extremely cold in summer because of the melting of glaciers.
On those hot and sunny days, the river used to be full of water and due to this the weather of Lahore city used to be much better but now it is not like that. The city of Lahore is also in the grip of intense heat and sun these days due to deforestation.
Heatwave is considered a major threat to Pakistan. Jacobabad is being rated as “the hottest city in Asia” and “one of the hottest cities in the world”, while the heatwave that hit Karachi in 2015 broke all previous records.
During the summer of 2015, the temperature in Karachi reached 49 degrees Celsius. Officially, 1,200 people were killed during the heatwave, according to welfare agencies. Pakistan’s coastal cities are suffering from the unfortunate combination of the failure of city governments and climate change, but those living near Islamabad seem to be facing a different situation.
Now let’s talk about what the experts and climate scientists saying about the disastrous climate change.
Experts say that global warming is many times more dangerous and it is the first problem of all humanity. We cannot turn a blind eye to this serious problem. Drinking water is running low. The water is getting polluted, the air is getting polluted, and the number of cars has tripled in the last twenty years.
Air-conditioned refrigerators and other electrical appliances are affecting the environment around us, fertilizers, pesticides on crops, and spraying of chemicals on agricultural land while sowing crops are all very harmful and are seriously affecting and polluting the land. Contaminated water from factories, is discharged into rivers, oceans, and streams.
They are badly affecting aquatic life. Aquatic life and many species of fish are declining. The air is being affected by factories, transport, and thousands of planes flying in the air, and many rare birds have become extinct. Difficulty breathing. Lung diseases and cancer are spreading. Eye diseases are becoming more common.
According to the latest media reports, dust is flying in the Indus River near Hyderabad. Due to the shortage of water and drought in rivers across the country, there is a danger of food shortage and changes in ground conditions. This is an important issue in the context of Pakistan because meeting the country’s food needs and exports depends on the agricultural sector, as long as the government comes to its senses.
It will be too late by then. The number of these seasonal disasters will now increase and so will the wealth gap between rich and poor in South Asia. This is a problem because emergency services, disaster management and prevention, and public awareness are things that no one benefits from investing in.
Federal Minister for Climate Change Sherry Rehman has a few days urged most national and provincial disaster management officials and concerned local authorities to take all precautionary measures to deal with the potentially catastrophic effects of excessive monsoon rains and climate change. Precautions should be taken, as floods and heavy rains, especially during the summer monsoon, pose a serious threat to people’s lives and livelihoods as well as public infrastructure. Relatively low rainfall in southeastern Sindh could lead to drought-like conditions in Tharparkar and Umerkot districts.
Melting snow in Gilgit-Baltistan, northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and subsequent flooding in the region may increase the incidence. Most of the country’s major cities, agriculture, and industry are located. River flooding is a big challenge here.
Due to low rainfall on an annual basis in South Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan, famine is being recorded continuously. Floods destroy standing crops in the country, while in the lower half of Pakistan, most of the land is rainfed or rainfed. There is a food shortage due to continuous drought and large numbers of people are migrating from these areas, which is also increasing the number of meteorological migrants in Pakistan.
There is drought in these rainfed areas and on the other hand, the situation in these areas has been deteriorating for the last few years due to locust heart attacks. Due to years of famine in Awaran, Kalat, Chaghi, Naukandi, and Zhob in Balochistan, including Makran Coast of Sahara, Kachho, Kohistan, and Laar, Balochistan, it is common for locals to relocate with their livestock.
The Thar Desert in Sindh is one of the most famine-prone regions in the world. In Sindh, especially near the sea, the human population is at high risk due to rising sea levels. It is possible.
In the past many years later a tropical cyclone was formed, but now due to climate change, it has become common to have three to four cyclones every year. Cyclones do not hit Pakistan in large numbers, but due to their proximity to Pakistan, strong winds in Karachi, Hyderabad, and other coastal cities are likely to cause significant damage.
To deal with climate change, it is important to plan for emergencies with the idea that severe weather conditions will have to be dealt with more often than not occasionally. The floods that used to come once in 10 years will now come every year. We should plant trees in our homes where there is sunlight, keep AC filters installed in homes and offices clean, geysers Cover with a lid, use cold water for washing clothes, use vehicles sparingly and make sure the engine is in good condition. Prefer walking, bicycle, or public transport vehicles.
Don’t leave your mobile phone and other appliance chargers on unnecessarily, use a laptop instead of a computer, minimize the use of plastic and fully understand the environmental pollution and its effects, even in society. Raise awareness and finally urge your governments in a systematic way to make concrete plans and take practical steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible.
We as Muslims and Pakistanis, through our positive activities, can overcome the negative effects of climate change to some extent and for that, we have to work on an emergency basis. We must first acknowledge that climate change is a problem for everyone and that we must work together to solve it, not just any institution, government, or scientist.
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