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PMS English Precis, Comprehension Paper of 2022 with Complete Solution
Q1. Write a Paragraph of 200 words on any one of the following topics:
- Ethics and Journalism
- Consequences of Rural Migration to Cities
- A critical analysis of judicial system of Pakistan
Neocolonialism refers to the continuation of colonial-like control and influence by developed
nations over former colonies, albeit through more subtle and indirect means. It is characterized
by economic exploitation, cultural dominance, and political manipulation.
Neocolonialism often manifests in the form of multinational corporations exerting significant control over the resources and economies of developing countries. These corporations exploit cheap labor, extract natural resources, and establish unequal trade relations that benefit the dominant nations.
Neocolonialism perpetuates a cycle of dependency and underdevelopment, as it hampers the
self-determination and progress of formerly colonized nations. It is a complex and multifaceted issue that requires awareness, advocacy, and fair global policies to address the power imbalances and foster equitable relationship between nations.
2. Ethics and Journalism
Ethics play a crucial role in journalism, as they guide journalists in upholding truth, accuracy,
fairness, and accountability. Journalists have a responsibility to gather and report information
with integrity, adhering to professional standards and ethical principles.
They should prioritize objectivity and impartiality, presenting multiple perspectives and avoiding biases. Journalists must also respect individuals’ privacy rights, refrain from plagiarism or fabrication, and rectify any errors promptly. Additionally, they should navigate potential conflicts of interest and avoid sensationalism or the manipulation of information for personal or organizational gain.
Upholding ethical standards in journalism is essential for maintaining public trust, ensuring the free flow of information, and serving the public interest.
3. Consequences of Rural Migration to Cities
Rural migration to cities has significant consequences for both rural areas and urban centers.
As people move from rural to urban areas in search of better economic opportunities and improved
living standards, rural communities often experience a decline in population, labor shortage, and
reduced agricultural productivity.
This migration can lead to imbalanced development, increased poverty, and a strain on local resources in rural areas. In contrast, cities face challenges such as overcrowding, inadequate infrastructure, housing shortages, and increased competition for jobs.
The rapid influx of migrants can strain urban services such as healthcare, education, and
transportation. It is crucial for governments to implement comprehensive policies that address
the needs of both rural and urban areas, promote sustainable development, and provide
opportunities for rural populations to thrive in their own communities.
4. A critical analysis of judicial system of Pakistan
The judicial system of Pakistan plays a crucial role in upholding the rule of law, protecting
citizens’ rights, and ensuring justice. However, it faces several challenges that warrant a critical
One such challenge is the issue of judicial backlog, where a large number of pending cases lead to delays in justice delivery. This backlog results from a shortage of judges, inadequate court infrastructure, and procedural complexities. Another concern is the perceived lack of judicial independence and impartiality.
It is essential to strengthen the independence of the judiciary, ensure transparent appointments, and establish mechanisms for accountability and oversight. Additionally, access to justice remains a significant challenge, particularly for marginalized and underprivileged populations.
The judicial system should be more accessible, affordable, and user-friendly. By addressing these issues, Pakistan can strive towards a more efficient, fair, and effective judicial system that upholds the principles of justice and serves its citizens equitably.
Q2. Use any Ten of the following idiomatic expressions in your own words.
1. Get your act together
English Meaning: To organize or prepare oneself; to start behaving in a responsible or effective manner.
Sentence: After receiving multiple warnings, Ali finally got his act together and started studying seriously for his exams.
2. Take a rain Check
English Meaning: To decline an invitation or offer politely but suggest doing it at a later time.
Sentence: I can’t join you for dinner tonight, but can | take a rain check and meet you next week instead?
3. Scrape the Barrel
English Meaning: To use the last remaining resources, often when all other options have been
Sentence: The Company had to scrape the barrel to find funds for the project after all the
investors backed out.
4. To get bent out of shape
English Meaning: To become excessively upset, angry, or annoyed.
Sentence: Sarah tends to get bent out of shape whenever someone criticizes her work.
5. Cut Corners
English Meaning: To take shortcuts or reduce the quality or effort in order to save time or
Sentence: The construction company cut corners to meet the deadline, resulting in poor
6. Keep up Appearances
English Meaning: To maintain a facade of success, wealth, or happiness despite the underlying
Sentence: Although struggling financially, they tried to keep up appearances by driving a fancy
car and wearing expensive clothes.
7. Lose your Marbles
English Meaning: To become mentally unstable or lose one’s sanity.
Sentence: After years of isolation, the old man started losing his marbles and began to talking to imaginary friends.
8. To Fly in the Face of
English Meaning: To openly defy or oppose something or someone.
Sentence: The activist’s actions flew in the face of the government’s oppressive policies.
9. Bite the bullet
English Meaning: To face a difficult or unpleasant situation with courage and determination.
Sentence: Despite her fear of heights, Emily decided to bite the bullet and go skydiving.
10. Comparing Apples to Oranges
English Meaning: To compare two things that are fundamentally different and cannot be
Sentence: Comparing the artistic skills of a painter and a musician is like comparing apples to
Sentence: The new employee proved to be on the ball, quickly adapting to the job requirements
and completing tasks efficiently.
11. The Salt of the Earth
English Meaning: A person who is honest, reliable, and of great moral character.
Sentence: Mark is truly the salt of the earth, always willing to help others without expecting
anything in return.
Q3. Write a letter to the Inspector General Police about the discriminatingly attitude of the police towards the citizens.
Letter to the Inspector General of Police regarding Discriminating Attitude
June 3, 2023.
Subject: Complaint regarding the discriminating attitude of the police towards citizens
| hope this letter finds you in good health and high spirits. | am writing to bring to your attention
a matter of utmost concern regarding discriminating attitude of some police officers towards citizens in our community.
In recent incidents, it has come to my notice that certain member of the police force have been displaying biased behavior and differential treatment towards individuals based on various
factors such as their social status, appearance, or other personal characteristics. This discriminatory behavior not only goes against the principles of justice and equality but also erodes the trust and confidence that citizens place in law enforcement agencies.
As responsible citizens, we firmly believe in the rule of law and the crucial role played by the
police in maintaining peace and harmony in society. However, the actions of a few officers
tarnish the reputation of the entire police force and create an environment of fear and mistrust
among the public.
I kindly request you, as the Inspector General of Police, to initiate an investigation into these
incidents and take appropriate measures to address this issue. It is essential to provide
comprehensive training programs and awareness sessions to sensitize police officers about the
importance of treating all citizens fairly and impartially, regardless of their background.
Furthermore, I suggest the implementation of a robust complaint redressal mechanism that
allows citizens to report instances of discrimination or mistreatment by the police. This will not
only provide a platform for the affected individuals to seek justice but also ensure accountability
within the police department.
| have full faith in your commitment to upholding the principles of justice and equality. | am
confident that you will take swift action to address this matter and restore the public’s trust in our
Thank you for your attention to this grave concern.
I would appreciate being kept informed about the actions taken in response to this complaint. Together, we can work towards creating a society where every citizen is treated with respect and fairness under the law.
Q4. Write the antonyms of the following words:
English Synonym: Blurred vision
English Antonym: Normal vision
English Synonym: Outward
English Antonym: Centripetal
English Synonym: Daily
English Antonym: Nocturnal
English Synonym: Finite
English Antonym: Inexhaustible
English Synonym: Greedy
English Antonym: Moderate
Q5. Change the narration of any Five of the following sentences.
- My father often told me, “Every obstacle is a stepping stone to success.”
- All said, “I must go to Lahore next week to visit my ailing mother.”
- “Hurrah”! said the captain of the team, “We won the match.”
- He said to me, “Do you know the fact?”
- “Could you ever afford to displease your parents?” said I to my friend.
- The teacher pointed, “Here in this mausoleum lay buried the king.”
- He reminded me, “When the cat is away the mice will play.”
- The king said, “You have made me feel happy with your sweet music although I have never felt so much happy before.”
- I was often told by my father, “Every obstacle is a stepping stone to success.”
- It was said by all, “I must go to Lahore next week to visit my ailing mother.”
- The captain of the team exclaimed, “Hurrah! We won the match.”
- He asked me, “Do you know the fact?”
- I asked my friend, “Could you ever afford to displease your parents?”
- The teacher pointed out, “Here in this mausoleum lay buried the king.”
- He reminded me that “When the cat is away the mice will play.”
- The king expressed, “You have made me feel happy with your sweet music although I have never felt so much happy before.”
Q6. Change the voice of any FIVE of the following sentences:
- Do not pay him anything.
- They will have caught the thief
- Lock the door
- I shall prove her innocence
- I had rung the bell
- I bought two books.
- He issued three tickets to them.
- Let him not be paid anything.
- The thief will have been caught by them.
- The door should be locked.
- Her innocence will be proven by me.
- The bell had been rung by me.
- Two books were bought by me.
- Three tickets were issued to them by him.
Q7. Make a precis of the following passage and suggest a suitable title.
What the future of oratory in general will be it is impossible to forecast. The English word ‘orator’ seems to have fallen on evil days. It is rarely used without a slightly derisory accent as when men say with curious emphasis, ‘I am no orator as Brutus is’. The orators of ancient times felt themselves to be engaged on a task of the highest worth and value. They were ‘shaping works for all the future’ and “offering themselves to be examined by all-testing Envy and Time”, as one of the ancient writers said when defending and praising the scrupulous care taken by Demosthenes. Today, the care and attention given to the art of public speaking has sensibly declined. Sir Winston Churchill was, in many respects, a survivor from the golden age of oratory. No doubt it could be said of him as was said of the great orator of ancient times, ‘he adopts no thought, no word at random, but takes much care of both the arrangement of his ideas and the graciousness of his language”. English oratory is adorned with many famous names and among them Churchill stands extraordinarily high. For more than fifty years he has expressed himself on great national and international matters, and the volumes of his speeches are a history in themselves. Many of his speeches will live as examples of human speech at its highest and best, and they will be woven into the fabric of our own history and the history of the world.
The future of oratory is uncertain and difficult to predict. The term ‘orator’ has lost its prestige in modern usage, often spoken with a mocking tone. Ancient orators valued their craft and believed they were shaping the future. Today, public speaking receives less attention. Sir Winston Churchill, a figure from the golden age of oratory, meticulously arranged his ideas and spoke eloquently. His speeches are renowned examples of exceptional speech, woven into our history and the world’s.
Q9. Translate the following passage into English.
اس کرہ ارض پر زندگی کو تباہی بربادی اور غیر فطری اور غیر طبعی موت سے بچانے کے لیے بقائے باہمی کے اصولوں کی پابندی ایسی ناگزیر ہے کہ انسان تو انسان حیوان بھی اس کا شعور رکھتے ہیں ہیں جنگلی حیات کا معمولی مشاہدہ کرنے والوں کو یہ بھی علم ہے کہ مختلف انواع کے جانور باہم مل کر رہتے ہیں۔ چارے پانی کی تلاش میں اجتماعی سفر کرتے ہیں سینکڑوں ہزاروں کی تعداد میں اکٹھے رہتے ہیں اپنی خوراک کے حصول کی جدوجہد میں ایک دوسرے کو فنا کر دینے کی کوشش بھی نہیں کرتے ۔ درندے اگر چرندوں کو چیر پھاڑ کر کھا جاتے ہیں تو اس لیے کہ وہ اگر ایسا نہ کریں تو ان کی بقا خطرے میں پڑ جائے گی تاہم ان کی چیڑ پھاڑ وہاں ختم ہو جاتی ہے جہاں ان کی بھوک مٹ جاتی ہے۔ درندوں کے برعکس انسان ہیں کہ ان کی بھوک ان کی زندگی میں کبھی مٹتی نظر نہیں آتی ان کا پیٹ جیتے جی ممکن حد تک سب ہڑپ کر لینے کے باوجود نہیں بھرتا تو قبر کی مٹی سے بھرتا ہے۔ تاہم تاریخ کے مطالعے سے یہ بھی معلوم ہوتا ہے کہ کبھی کوئی دور ایسا نہیں رہا جو انسانوں میں باہمی محبت کے جوت جگانے والوں کی جدو جہد سے خالی رہا ہو۔
Translation into English:
In order to save life on this planet from destruction and unnatural and unnatural death, the observance of the principles of coexistence is so indispensable that both humans and animals are aware of it. It is known that animals of different species live together. They travel in groups in search of foraging water, live together in hundreds of thousands and do not even try to destroy each other in their struggle for food. If the beasts tear and eat the fodder, because if they do not, their survival will be in danger, but their tearing ends when their hunger is satisfied. Unlike beasts, human beings are that their hunger never seems to be quenched in their life, their stomachs are filled with the soil of the grave, even if they eat everything possible. However, the study of history also shows that there has never been an era that has not been devoid of the efforts of those who awaken mutual love among human beings.