Here you will find the CSS Governance & Public Policies Paper 2021. You can view or download this CSS Governance & Public Policies Paper 2021. The Governance & Public Policies paper of CSS was held on 24-02-2021.
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The following questions were asked in the CSS Governance & Public Policies Paper of 2021:
Q2. Public policy changes occur through two primary mechanisms: substantial disruption and incrementalism. Even though both of these mechanisms involve political institutions, they appear to be an unrelated process. Using specific examples,
- Explain how these disparate processes create policy change? What is the role of institutions in both processes?
- Specifically, are institutions endogenous or exogenous to policy changes? Can disruption and incrementalism be integrated to create a fuller theoretical understanding of policy change, or should they be understood separately?
Q3. Various scholars attend to the interaction between politics and markets to explain the way welfare states undertake social provisions, including providing for education (aka “human capital acquisition”), providing welfare benefits, work-family politicizes, and more. Take two or more such analyses and explain with some care how political and market-based approaches help us understand how social policies develop. Which approaches do you find most resonant to your own thinking, and why?
Q4. Explain the concept of Pareto efficiency. What is relevant to policy analysis, given that it is an abstract benchmark unlikely to be achieved by most policies that are subject to debate? Continue by explaining the Kaldor-Hicks compensation principle and its significance to rational policy analysis – in particular, the practice of cost/benefit analysis. What makes the Kaldor-Hicks compensation principle a “weaker” criterion to satisfy than the Pareto criterion? Do you think Kaldor-Hicks is a sound basis for making policy decisions; why or why not?
Q5. How are problems in society addressed through public policy? How do they get on the policy agenda? Discuss the primary stakeholders and their interest in the process. Provide real-life case examples as part of your answer.
Q6. Define, explain and contrast the politics of interest and the politics of conscience and how they influence policymaking in Pakistan, including their relationship to the application of ethics. Be sure to include examples in your response and discuss the difficulty in identification and application to these influences within and between political parties.
Q7. How does an issue become part of the public policy “agenda”? out of all the issues that exist, why do some come to legislative attention and many do not? consider the classic “garbage Can Model” of Cohen, March Olsen (1972). Do you agree or disagree? Why?
Q8. Religion as a form of ethical doctrine could potentially provide the “internal good” for development through its doctrines on social cohesion, mutual cooperation, and virtue-based community. Elaborate the following in this regard:
- Rule of Law in the Islamic System
- The doctrine of the Separation of Powers and Independence of the Judiciary
You can download this Governance and Public Policies paper of 2021.
Other CSS (Compulsory) 2021 Papers:
➤ English (Precis & Composition)
➤ Object (Precis & composition)
➤ CSS General Science & Ability
➤ Islamic Studies
➤ Pakistan Study
➤ Current Affairs
Other CSS (Optional) 2021 Papers:
➤➤ View All CSS Papers of 2021 here
➤ IR paper-I
➤ Economics Paper-I
➤ Economics Paper-II
➤ Political Science-I
➤ Political Science-II
➤ Accountancy & Auditing Paper-II
➤ Computer Science Paper-II
➤ Chemistry Paper-I
➤ Chemistry Paper-II
➤ Physics paper-II
➤ Physics Paper-I
➤ Agriculture & Forestry
➤ Public Administration
➤ Town Planning
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