The word intrinsic means built-in; inherent; basic. Thus the intrinsic aid is a built-in aid within the statute. The
intrinsic aid consists of the following:
(1) The title of the Act helps in determining the general objective of the enactment.
(2) The preamble of the Act usually contains information regarding the objective of the enactment.
(3) Interpretation sections of an act are also helpful in interpreting the statutes.
(4) Summary notes given in the margin are also helpful in interpreting
The term extrinsic aid means coming from outside; not built-in. Thus the extrinsic aid is an aid which is not
available within the statute. It consists of the following:
(1) Reports of the Law Commission
(2) Reports of the Royal Commissions
(3) Reports of the Law Reform Committee
(4) Hansard; the UK Journal of UK Parliamentary debates. This follows a decision of the then House of Lords
in Papper v. Hart 1992 where it was decided that it is acceptable to look at the original speech which first
introduced a bill to ascertain its meaning, but only if the statute is ambiguous or obscure or its literal meaning
would lead to absurdity.