A bill is proposal for new law for amending or repealing an old one.
Kinds of bill
Following are kinds of bill:
It relates to public at large.
It relates to the interest of private individuals.
It relates to the finance matters.
The legislative procedure in different kinds of bill is different.
Legislative procedure of ordinary and non-money bill is as under:
1) Introduction of Bill:
Bill may be introduced in any of the two houses. If a bill is introduced by govt. minister, it is called govt. bill
and if otherwise termed as private bill.
2) First Reading:
In the first reading the causes of presentation are explained by the member who introduces the bill.
3) Reference to committee:
Bill is examined in detail in committee stage. The committee hears the evidence of expert and any objection of any person interested in such bill.
4) Second reading:
Bill is discussed clause by clause and amendments may be made during the second reading.
5) Third reading:
After second reading, it is read third time and sent to the other house. In the other house the same procedure is adopted to pass the bill.
6) President's assent to bills:
If the bill is passed in the joint sitting, with or without amendment, by the vote’s majority of the total
membership of the house then it shall be presented to the president for assent.
Relevant case law:
P.L.D. 2001. Kar. 415
It was held bill would become law when assent it by the president or the governor as the case may be.
Legislative procedure in money bill:
Article 73 of the constitution of Islamic republic of Pakistan states that a money bill shall be originated in the National Assembly and after its being passed by the national assembly, without being transmitted to the senate, be presented to the president who will assent to the bill with in thirty day, otherwise the bill shall be deemed to have been assented to and it shall become law.
a) Features of money bill:
a. The imposition, abolition, remission, alteration of any tax.
b. The borrowing of money or a giving of any guarantee, by the Federal Government or of the
amendment of the law relating to the finance obligation of the Govt.
c. The custody of the federal consolidates fund, the payment of moneys into, or the issues of
moneys from the fund.
d. The imposition of charge upon the federal consolidated fund, or the abolition or alteration of
e. The receipt of money on account of the public accounts of the federation the custody of issue
of such money.
f. The audit of the accounts of the federal Govt.
g. Any matter incidental to any of the matters specified above.
b) Dispute regarding determination of money bill:
If any question arises whether a bill is a money bill or not, the decision of the speaker of the national assembly shall be final.
c) Discussion in senate on money Bill:
Now by the amendment in the constitution (Legal Frame Work order 2002) a money bill can be discussed in the senate.
Distinction between money bill and ordinary bill:
Points of distinction between money bill and ordinary bill are following:
As to Nature:
Money bill relates to finance matters. Ordinary bill relates to the interest of private or public persons.
As to origin:
Money bill can be originated only in national assembly. Ordinary bill can be originated in either house.
As to transmission:
Money bill is not transmitted to other house. Ordinary bill is transmitted to other house when passed
by one house.