basically it means a company which, by its articles,
a. limits the rights to exchange its offers, assuming any
b. limits the quantity of its individuals to fifty excluding people who are in the work of the company; and
c. denies any welcome to general society to buy in for the offers, assuming any, or debenture of the company
Now it has different advantages and disadvantages as follows:
Advantages of Private Limited Company:
Money related Results
Not at all like a traded on an open market organization that enables investors to put resources into shares and is required to report monetary outcomes each quarter, a privately owned business isn't committed to uncover budgetary outcomes whenever to the general population, in this manner dispensing with here and now weights of meeting investor and expert desires. Additionally, dispensing with the need to uncover data can be favorable as far as unveiling business subtle elements that may put you at an aggressive inconvenience.
Long Term Planning
Privately owned businesses don't need to get ready for the here and now as much as traded on an open market organizations do to fulfill investors and keep every day stock costs up. Disposing of this need to create stellar quarterly outcomes enables a privately owned business to center around long haul development and oversee as needs be. While organizations can at present survey here and now objectives, they can invest more energy and research taking a gander at continuous, long haul destinations "without becoming fixated on quarterly outcomes," Bechtel representative John Marshall told the San Francisco Chronicle.
The Securities Exchange Act, alongside partitioned securities advertise directions, requires that specific guidelines be taken after with regards to corporate administration inside a traded on an open market organization, for example, how a business is organized. One preferred standpoint of being private is that an organization does not have to hold fast to these stipulations, and can have greater adaptability and flexibility with regards to how its administration is organized.
The most vital preferred standpoint of being a privately owned business is restricted risk introduction, as per instruction asset Tutor2U. This sort of restricted risk alludes to the obligation for chiefs and officers of the organization to just lose up to the sum that they put resources into the organization. Restricted obligation ensures the individual abundance of a privately owned business' investors, and does not put individual resources in danger.
Disadvantages of Private Limited Company:
Transfer of Shares
The law restricts shareholders of a privately held company from transferring shares freely to non-shareholders without consent of other shareholders. This leads to inefficiencies since the investment decisions should be timely so that a shareholder can sell his shareholding in the company without informing the other shareholders. This bureaucratic tendency ties shareholders to the company since they cannot dispose of their shareholding even when they believe the company may lose money. An increased risk of loss exists due to the delay in executing the transfer of shares.
Issue of Shares
Privately held companies cannot issue shares to the public. This means that they are not able to raise large amounts of capital through issuing shares. This is because the law restricts these companies to a limited number of members. Therefore, they have a limit to the amount of capital they can raise from the issue of shares.
Access to Credit
The danger of misfortune is high for a budgetary foundation financing a secretly held organization. This is on the grounds that the presence of these organizations is dependant on the life and abundance of its investors. The demise or insolvency of a dominant part investor is a major hit to the presence of these organizations. Thusly, monetary foundations have limitations while propelling advances to organizations of this compose, and the chiefs of these organizations need to go about as underwriters of these organizations. This makes it difficult for secretly held organizations to get to advances to fund their activities and development as the sum that chiefs can ensure is constrained on their riches. This likewise restricts the estimation of advantages they claim.
Danger of Loss
Investors in a secretly held organization confront a high danger of individual misfortune since they can undoubtedly lose all their venture. This is on account of it the individual investors for the most part support the advantages of the organization. This is on the grounds that a secretly held organization contains just a couple of individuals who contribute cash-flow to the firm. Along these lines, the organization's esteem mirrors the abundance of its investors. The demise or insolvency of a noteworthy investor negatively affects the organization's execution and progression since the organization's esteem is subject to the estimation of individual investors.